Mammuthus meridionalis, “Southern mammoth”.
This mammoth lived in Europe and central Asia during the Early Pleistocene. Because of the very warm climate of these areas at the time, it wouldn’t have had a thick coat like its descendant, the woolly mammoth. Whilst summers in areas like southern and eastern Britain would have been Mediterranean in comparison to now, its winters would have been harsh, so the mammoths would have migrated to warmer parts of Europe and Asia during these times, if they did inhabit Britain at all. Supporting this, though, is the fact that their teeth were adapted to eating leaves and shrubs- a clue that shows they would have inhabited the mixed deciduous woodlands of areas like southern Britain.
They were also one of the largest species of mammoth ever to live, being around 4 metres tall and weighing 8-10 tons.
Art by Angelo Barili.